We should naturally expect that the long intercourse between St. Luke would mutually influence their vocabulary, and their writings show that this was really the case. Westcott shows that there is no trace in Justin of the use of any written document on the life of Christ except our Gospels. that His parents went thither [to Bethlehem] in consequence of an enrolment under Cyrinius that as they could not find a lodging in the village they lodged in a cave close by it, where Christ was born, and laid by Mary in a manger", etc. There is a constant intermixture in Justin's quotations of the narratives of St. He states, however, that the memoirs which were called Gospels were read in the churches on Sunday along with the writings of the Prophets, in other words, they were placed on an equal rank with the Old Testament.
"He [Justin] tells us that Christ was descended from Abraham through Jacob, Judah, Phares, Jesse, David that the Angel Gabriel was sent to announce His birth to the Virgin Mary that it was in fulfillment of the prophecy of Isaiah . In the "Dialogue", cv, we have a passage peculiar to St. "Jesus as He gave up His Spirit upon the Cross said, Father, into thy hands I commend my Spirit?
Ample opportunities were given him, "having diligently attained to all things from the beginning", concerning the Gospel and early Acts, to write in order what had been delivered by those "who from the beginning were eyewitnesses and ministers of the word" (Luke 1:2, 3). This same conclusion is corroborated by the recurrence of medical language in all parts of the Acts and the Gospel. Græcum", Amsterdam, 1741, 643), states that there are clear indications of his medical profession throughout St.
Of course, in making such a statement one still exposes oneself to the scorn of the critics, and yet the arguments which are alleged in its support are simply convincing. He says that when Hobart's list has been well sifted a considerable number of words remains. Any two or three instances of coincidence with medical writers may be explained as mere coincidences; but the large number of coincidences renders their explanation unsatisfactory for all of them, especially where the word is either rare in the LXX, or not found there at all" (64). 1909, 385 sqq.), Mayor says of Harnack's two above-cited works: "He has in opposition to the Tübingen school of critics, successfully vindicated for St. "This position", says Plummer, "is so generally admitted by critics of all schools that not much time need be spent in discussing it." Harnack may be said to be the latest prominent convert to this view, to which he gives elaborate support in the two books above mentioned. Luke was the author of Hebrews, has drawn attention to the remarkable fact that the Lucan influence on the language of St.
Luke the authorship of the two canonical books ascribed to him, and has further proved that, with some few omissions, they may be accepted as trustworthy documents. He claims to have shown that the earlier critics went hopelessly astray, and that the traditional view is the right one. Paul is much more marked in those Epistles where we know that St. Summing up, he observes: "There is in fact sufficient ground for believing that these books.
Or, if we begin with the Acts, and proceed conversely, the same results will follow. Celsus in his attack on the Christian religion was acquainted with the genealogy in St. In connection with the disciples of the Apostles he cites the verses of St.
In addition to similarity, there are parallels of description, arrangement, and points of view, and the recurrence of medical language, in both books, has been mentioned under the previous heading. "Luke, Gospel of") state that there are 32 words found only in St. Luke's Gospel, and his quotations show the same phenomena of variant readings. Justin Martyr, shows the position of honour the Gospels held in the Church, in the early portion of the century. Luke on the Sweat of Blood, and he has numerous quotations from all four. As usual in apologetical works, such as the apologies of Tatian, Athenagoras, Theophilus, Tertullian, Clement of Alexandria, Cyprian, and Eusebius, he does not name his sources because he was addressing outsiders.
The required power of literary analysis was then unknown, and, if it were possible, we know of no writer of that age who had the wonderful skill necessary to produce such an imitation. For external evidence in favour of Acts, see ACTS OF THE APOSTLES. Jerome, Eusebius, and Origen, ascribing the books to St. His bishop, Pothinus, whom be succeeded, was ninety years of age when he gained the crown of martyrdom in 177, and must have been born while some of the Apostles and very many of their hearers were still living. When we compare his quotations with those of Clement of Alexandria, variant readings of text present themselves.